Weitere, sehr interessante Informationen aus der Welt der Wissenschaft:
Exercise may cut dementia risk in new-onset T2D
A study in Diabetes Care found that adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes who engaged in regular physical activity were less likely to develop Alzheimer's disease, all-cause dementia and vascular dementia than those who were less active. The findings, based on data from 133,751 people in the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, suggest patients who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes should be encouraged to exercise, the authors wrote (3-2022)
Study: Lifestyle, medication linked to mortality risk in hypertension
Patients with high blood pressure who took antihypertensive medication and followed a healthful lifestyle -- including factors such as BMI, diet, physical activity, sleep and smoking status -- had lower mortality risks, according to a study in JAMA Network Open. Increases in lifestyle scores were associated with reductions in mortality risks regardless of whether a person was taking antihypertensive medication.
Study: Vitamin C linked to lower diabetic retinopathy risk
A study in the American Journal of Ophthalmology found that patients with diabetic retinopathy had lower levels of circulating vitamins C, D and E, compared with those who did not have diabetic retinopathy. After adjusting the results for confounders, researchers said only serum vitamin C was linked to a lower risk of diabetic retinopathy (1-2022)
Study: More walking may reduce T2D risk in older women
Researchers found that taking more steps per day was linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in older women. The study published in Diabetes Care monitored the walking habits of more than 4,800 women for seven years, and found that for every 1,000 steps per day, there was a 6% lower diabetes risk.(1-2022)
Study: Foods with low glycemic index of dietary carbohydrate tied to mortality, CVD risk
A study in The New England Journal of Medicine found that individuals who had a diet with a higher glycemic index were more likely to suffer from all-cause mortality and major cardiovascular events like cardiovascular death, stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction or heart failure, compared with those who had a diet with a lower glycemic index (3-2021)
Study IDs dietary choices linked to colon cancer risk
People with high alcohol or high red meat consumption had a 60% and 10% higher odds of developing colon cancer, respectively, compared with those with lower or no alcohol or red meat consumption, according to a study in JAMA Network Open. The findings also revealed that individuals with high calcium, dietary fiber and yogurt intake had a 20% lower colon cancer risk.
Metformin lowers mortality risk in COVID-19, diabetes
Diabetes is associated with increased odds of contracting COVID-19 and with increased COVID-19 mortality, while metformin treatment before diagnosis of COVID-19 is associated with reduced odds of related mortality, according to a study published online (1-2021: Frontiers in Endocrinology)
The source of that protein may dictate how long you live
Men need sufficient protein to help maintain muscle mass and strength as they age. A study by JAMA Internal Medicine suggests the source of that protein also may dictate how long they live. Scientists examined the diets of more than 400,000 people ages 50 and older, who consumed protein from plant sources, red meat, and eggs. They were then followed for more than 16 years. Those who ate mostly plant protein instead of red meat or egg protein had a 13% to 24% lower risk of death from any cause (1-2021)
Daily avocado intake promotes gut health
A study in the Journal of Nutrition found that adults who added avocado to a meal every day for 12 weeks had a higher count of gut microbes capable of breaking down dietary fiber and producing metabolites that support gut health, compared with those who did not add avocados to their diet. Daily avocado consumption was also associated with greater microbial diversity (12-2020)
Exercising 11 minutes per day could lengthen your life
Research published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine found that just 11 minutes of daily exercise could help lengthen lives by fighting age-related conditions such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (12-2020)
Lower kidney disease risk links to coffee-drinking (Journal of renal nutritition)
Drinking coffee is one of the most common daily habits, especially in the developed world. Along with caffeine, coffee has various ingredients that have been suggested to have beneficial effects, including antioxidant, antiinflammatory, anticarcinogenic, antithrombotic and antifibrotic effects. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated the relationship between coffee intake and chronic kidney disease (CKD) related outcomes.
Conclusion: Coffee intake was dose-dependently associated with lower incident CKD, ESKD, and albuminuria. (10-2020)
Study links vitamin D intake, fewer respiratory complaints
A study in BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health associated greater consumption of vitamins A and E in food and supplements and vitamin D in supplements with fewer respiratory complaints in adults. Researchers said the study focused on respiratory complaints linked to infectious and noninfectious sources, and the findings might not be applicable to COVID-19. (10-2020)
Influenza Vaccination May Have Protective Effect on COVID-19
Influenza vaccination may have a protective effect for COVID-19-positive patients, according to a brief report recently published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.
Dezember 2021: Ein voller Erfolg....